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Facial sunscreens come in a wide variety of formulations, each with its own specific ingredients and benefits. Choosing the correct formulation and understanding the ingredients is essential for maximum effectiveness and comfort. Among the most common are zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, antioxidants such as vitamins C and E and even glycerin and hyaluronic acid.

Opting for a natural sunscreen formula offers several advantages, especially for those looking for gentler and more environmentally friendly options. That is why it is important to know ¿What ingredients do sunscreens contain?? They very often have mineral ingredients such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide., with effective broad-spectrum protection against UVA and UVB rays, without the use of chemicals that can be irritating or harmful. Además, natural ingredients, without nano particles, may offer additional benefits, comoantioxidant properties and anti-inflammatory without risks: “Non-nano zinc oxide (mineral UV filter) It is part of our creams in aluminum cans with screw caps SPF30 and 50, and our natural waterproof sun lotion, It is a fundamental ingredient for immediate high protection” – Filip Van explains to us, Founding CEO of the Cádiz cosmetics firm By Oleo.

These formulas are usually more environmentally friendly., since they do not contain chemicals that can harm aquatic ecosystems, which is an important consideration for those concerned about the environmental impact of their personal care products: “When choosing a natural sunscreen, we not only protect the skin, “We are also making a conscious decision for our health and that of the planet.”.

The most common ingredients

Por ejemplo, The aforementioned zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are very common, both are key ingredients in physical or mineral sunscreens, as they protect against UVA and UVB rays and are less likely to cause irritation, which makes them perfect for sensitive skin. Also avobenzone, la oxibenzona, octisalate and octocrylene, that complete the formulation of chemical protectors, They are effective at absorbing UV rays and transforming them into heat. Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E are often used to combat free radicals generated by sun exposure., providing antiaging benefits. Por último, hyaluronic acid and glycerin, that help hydrate the skin, which is especially beneficial in formulations for dry skin.

Natural cosmetic companies like By Oleo They accompany some of these ingredients with others such as pomegranate seed oil, pure organic aloe vera, organic and unrefined shea butter or coconut and carrot oils, the latter essential for a beautiful tan.

ingredients in sunscreens

The textures of a sunscreen… ¿better in cream or spray?

The creams are ideal for normal and dry skin as they provide additional hydration: “They are thicker and therefore, much more comforting for dry skin, but heavy for some oily skin types” – Esperanza Sáenz clarifies, image manager of the Sevillian firm Nezeni Cosmetics, who considers lotions more suitable since they are lighter and offer a good mix of hydration without being too heavy. About the gels, It is best to use them on oily or acneic skin due to their light, fast-absorbing texture.. and the sprays, more body oriented: “They are also quick to apply, and if we want to use them on the face, I recommend spraying the product on your hands first and then applying it., “This way we avoid inhalation of ingredients”.

Data to take into account about its use

  • 1. Creams are best during the winter months or for people with dry skin who need extra hydration. Instead, Lotions are versatile and can be used year-round for most skin types. Gels are ideal for hot, humid climates or for those with oily skin. And sprays, best for quick touch ups.
  • 2. For outdoor or sports activities, choose sunscreens that are water and sweat resistant. Spray formulas may be convenient for quick reapplication, although you should make sure you apply enough amount for adequate coverage.
  • 3. For daily use, opt for formulas with a light, non-greasy texture.. Products with a matte or semi-matte finish help keep skin looking fresh and won't interfere with makeup..